Behavioral Neuroscience, Biology of Reproduction, Endocrinology, & Neurobiology
Churchill-Haines 168F
USD Behavioral Neuroscience
Biology of Reproduction
Abbreviations & Acronyms 2021 search for:                                        

abbreviation or acronym name alternative
1o primary
2o secondary
2N diploid
3o tertiary
4o quaternary
5-HT serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine
5-HTP 5-hydroxytryptophan
5-HTT serotonin reuptake transporter SERT
[x] concentration of x
\ therefore
D change

aa amino acid
AAA apply to affected area on prescriptions
aaad aromatic amino acid decarboxylase = DOPA / 5-HTP decarboxylase
AbA Abscisic acid ABA
ACadenylate cyclase
AC before meals on prescriptions
ACh acetylcholine
AChE acetylcholine esterase(s)
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone corticotropin
AD right ear on prescriptions
Akt1 protein kinase B Akt, PKB
Ala alanine A
AMPA a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-proprionic acid
ANF atrionatriuretic factor ANH, ANP, atriopeptin
AP5 general NMDA antagonist
APS Anterior Hypothalamic, Supraoptic, Suprachiasmatic Center
A-R androgen receptor
ARC arcuate nucleus
Arg arginine R
AS left ear on prescriptions
Asn asparagine N
Asp aspartate D
ATP adenosine triphosphate
AU both ears on prescriptions
AVP arginine vasopressin / antidiuretic hormone ADH
B corticosterone cort
Bbs bombesin BBS
BID twice daily on prescriptions
BLA basolateral amygdala basolateral complex
BMP bone morphogenic proteins
BDNF brain-derived neurotrophic factor
BNP brain natriuretic peptide
BUCC inside cheek or under tongue on prescriptions
Ca++ calcium
CA1-4 Hippocampal Ammon's Horn regions 1-4 Cornuae Ammonae
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CAP capsule on prescriptions
CART cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript
CAT choline acetyltransferase
CBP CREB binding protein
cc cubic centimeter = milliliter ml
CeA central nucleus of the amygdala CNA
CCK cholecystekinin
cGMP cyclic guanosine monophosphate
CKs cytokinins plant hormones
CNS central nervous system
CNTF ciliary neurotrophic factor
CO carbon monoxide
COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase
[x] concentration of x
CLIP corticotropin-like peptide
CR Conditioned Response
CR cream on prescriptions
CRE cAMP response element
CREB cAMP regulatory element-binding protein
CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone CRF
CS Conditioned Stimulus
Cys cysteine C
2N diploid
d daltons
D1,2,3 dopamine receptors
DA dopamine
DAT dopamine transporter DAT
DAW dispense as written on prescriptions
db leptin receptor gene
DC discontinue on prescriptions
DBH dopamine b-hydroxylase
DG diacylglycerol DAG
DHEA dihydroepiandrosterone
DHEAS dihydroepiandrosterone DHEA-S
DHT 5a-dihydrotestosterone 5a-DHT
DOPA dihydroxyphenylalanine
Dyn dynorphin
E estrogen (general abbreviation )
E1 estrone (an estrogen)
E2 estradiol-17b estradiol (an estrogen)
E3 estriol (an estrogen)
bEnd endorphin
EGFs epidermal growth factors urogastrone
ELISA Enzyme-Linked ImmunoabSorbent Assay
Enk Enkephalin
Epi epinephrine E, EP, adrenalin = A
EPo erythropoietin EPO
E-R estrogen receptor
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
F cortisol cort
FGFs fibroblast growth factors
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GA Gibberellic acid Gibberellin A3 - GA3
Gal galanin GAL
Gs,i,k, or p (11,q) G-protein GTP binding protein
Ga,b,and or g a,b,and or g subunits of a G-protein
GABA g-aminobutyric acid
GC guanylate cyclase
GH growth hormone
GHRH growth hormone releasing hormone GRH
GHRIH growth hormone release inhibiting hormone GIH, somatostatin
GIP gastrointestinal polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide
Gln glutamine Q
Glu glutamate E
GLUT2,4 glucose transporters GLUT2,4
Gly glycine G
GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone LHRH
GRB2 growth factor receptor bound protein
GRP gastrin releasing peptide
GTP guanosine triphosphate
GTT(s) drop(s) on prescriptions
HCrt1,2 hypocretins / orexins Hcrt1,2, OrxA,B
His histidine H
HPA hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis gastric inhibitory peptide
HRT hormone replacement therapy
hsp90 heat shock protein 90 HSP90
IAA indoleacetic acid an auxin
IBA Indole-3-butyric acid an auxin
icv intracerebroventricular ICV, i.c.v.
IFNg interferon-g M
IGF1,2 insulin-like growth factors collectively IGFs, somatomedins
IL1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 interleukins collectively ILs
Ile isoleucine I
im intramuscular IM
inj injection INJ
IP3 inositol trisphosphate inositol triphosphate
INAH3 3rd interstitial nucleus of the mPOA in the medial preoptic area
of the anterior hypothalamus
JaK1,2,3janus tyrosine kinasesalso TyK2
K+ potassium
KAaffininty constant
KDdissociation constant
LA lateral amygdala
LC locus ceruleus locus coeruleus
Leu leucine L
LPA,B lipoxins LPA-B
LTA lateral tegmental area
LTA4,B4,C4,D4,E4 leukotrienes LTA-E4
LTD long term depression
LTP long-term potentiation
Lys lysine K
mg microgram MCG, mcg
MAO monoamine oxidase MAOA, MAOB
MAPmitogen activation proteins
MAP K MAP kinase ERK
MBH medial basal hypothalamus
MCH melanin concentrating hormone
MDI metered dose inhaler on prescriptions
Met methionine M
mg milligram MG
Mn metanephrine
MPOAmedial preoptic area
MSH melanocyte stimulating hormone aMSH
MSHRH melanocyte stimulating hormone releasing hormone MRF
MSHRIH melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting hormone MIF
N1,2,3,4,5 neurotrophins (1 through 5) collectively Ns
Na+ sodium
NAA 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid
NE norepinephrine NEP
noradrenalin = NA
NET norepinephrine transporter NET
NGF nerve growth factor
NK1-R neurokinin 1 type receptor SP receptor
NKB neurokinin B
NM normetanephrine
NMDA N-methyl-D-aspartate
NO nictric oxide
NOS nitric oxide synthase
NR1,2a,2b NMDA-R subunits
NPY neuropeptide Y
NSF N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor also refers to the
National Science Foundation
NTS nucleus of the solitary tract nST
ob leptin gene
Ob-Ra,b,c,d,e leptin receptorsa-e Ob-R
OCT1,2,3 organic cation transporters OCT1,2,3
OD right eye on prescriptions
OrxA,B orexins / hypocretins HCrt1,2
OS left eye on prescriptions
OT oxytocin Oxy, OXY
OU both eyes on prescriptions
1o primary
P progesterone
P450aro aromatase
P450C17b 17b-hydroxylase
PACAP Pituitary adenylyl cyclase activating polypeptide
PAG periaqueductal gray MCG, midbrain central gray
PC after meals on prescriptions
PDE phosphodiesterase
PDGF platelet-derived growth factor
PGs prostaglandins PGA2, PGE1,2, PGF1,2a
PGI prostacyclin
PHI peptide histidine isoleucine
Phe phenylalanine F
PI3K phosphoinositide 3 Kinase PI-3K
PIP2 phosphotidylinositol bisphosphate phosphotidylinositol biphosphate
PIP3 phosphotidylinositol (3,4,5)trisphosphate PI-3,4,5-P
PKA, C or G protein kinases A, C or G
PLCphospholipase C
PnC Pontis caudalis reticularis caudal reticular pontine nucleus
PNMT phenyletholamine N-methyltransferase
PNS peripheral nervous system
PO by mouth (per os) on prescriptions
POA preoptic area
POMC pro-opiomelanocortin
PP pancreatic polypeptide
PPT pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus
ppT preproTachykinin
PrL prolactin PRL, Prl
PRN as need for on prescriptions
Pro proline P
PVperiventricular nucleus
PVNparaventricular nuleus
PYY peptide YY
QAM in the morning on prescriptions
QD once daily on prescriptions
QH every hour on prescriptions
QHS at bedtime on prescriptions
QID 4 times daily on prescriptions
QOD or QAD every other day day on prescriptions
QPM every evening on prescriptions
-R hormone or transmitter receptor e.g. GnRH-R
RIA Radioimmunoassay
2o secondary
sc every evening SC
SCN suprachiasmatic nucleus
Ser serine S
5-HT serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine
5-HTP 5-hydroxytryptophan
SL sublingual, under tongue on prescriptions
SOL solution on prescriptions
SONsupraoptic nucleus
SNAP soluable NSF attachment protein
SNARE SNAP receptor
SP substance P
SRP signal recognition particle
STAT signal transducers and activation of transcription
SUPP suppository on prescriptions
SUSP suspension on prescriptions
SYR syrup on prescriptions
\ therefore
3o tertiary
T testosterone
T3 tri-iodothyronine (a thyroid hormone)
To temperature Tob = body temperature
Toa = ambient temperature
T4 thyroxine =tetra-iodothyronine
(a thyroid hormone)
TAB tablet on prescriptions
TDF testis determining factor
TGFa,b transforming growth factorsa-b
TH tyrosine hydroxylase
The threonine T
TID 3 times daily on prescriptions
TNFa tumor necrosis factora
TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone
TrKB tropomyosin-related kinase B BDNF receptor
Trp tryptophan W
TSH Thryoid Stimulating Hormone
Tyr tyrosine Y
UAD use as directed on prescriptions
UCn Urocortin UCN, Ucn
UNG ointment on prescriptions
UTn Urotensin
Val valine V
VAMP synaptobrevin
VIP vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
VMN ventromedial nucleus VMH
VTA ventral tegmental area
[x] concentration of x
X 10 days for 10 days on prescriptions